Body Mindfulness and Peak Performance

Body Mindfulness and Peak Performance Lori Haase UCSD
Lori Haase studies body mindfulness and peak performance.

If mindfulness training works to achieve peak performance in Navy SEALs and top athletes perhaps it’s not such a New Age idea. In fact what distinguishes people who are resilient in the face of physical challenges may be a natural capacity for the kind of self-awareness that mindfulness teaches.

A New York Times article called my attention to fascinating research being done at the University of California, San Diego.

Psychologist Lori Haase has conducted a series of studies looking at how the capacity to deal with stressful situations (resilience) and the ability of athletes to achieve peak performance in competition is linked to the ability to be aware of the body in a non-fearful and attentive way (mindful attention).

Researchers at UCSD have been looking at how adventure racers and elite special forces troops are able to cope with the extraordinary demands that they face, both emotionally and physically. They found that when faced with an extremely distressing physical challenge – wearing a face mask that made it difficult to breathe – these very resilient people showed a pattern of brain activity that indicated they were focusing awareness on their lungs and other body systems that were being challenged, but they did not show activation of the stress response systems in the brain.

In other words these people were paying close attention to the physical sensations that were distressing but they were not activating the fight or flight parts of the brain. They were paying close attention to sensations that were identical to the sensations that people were experiencing a panic attack notice, but they weren’t becoming fearful.

In this state, they are very connected to the actual events taking place in their bodies, able to react very quickly to any change, which is why they are able to perform so well athletically. In fact, they are much more connected to the actual events taking place than people who are having a fear response.

Think of it this way, in this state of “mindful internal awareness” there is a lot of sensory information flowing to their brains, and they are very aware, both consciously and unconsciously, of what is going on inside themselves.

In a state of “fearful internal awareness” the brain is actually attending to much less of the sensory information. The parts of the brain that are involved in fear responses are activated and many fear thoughts are being generated that demand attention. In terms of sensory awareness, that is restricted to “scanning” the sensory input for evidence of potentially frightening signals. The brain does not get the “full picture” of what is going on physically.

Fearful awareness is like the young child glancing out of the corner of his eye at a pile of dirty clothes in the corner of his darkened bedroom which he thinks might be a monster. If the child turned on the light and really looked at the pile of clothes he would see the true situation, but in his fright he does not do so.

In their most recent study, the UCSD researchers expanded their study to look at “normal volunteers” – not just elite athletes and warriors – and they gave these subjects a questionnaire designed to distinguish high resiliency individuals (those who responded easily to stressful situations) and low resiliency individuals. And, again, in this sample they found the same pattern – high resiliency individuals, when trying to breath through the mask, had the same pattern of brain activation as elite athletes, and low resiliency individuals had a pattern that was more similar to what happens in panic attacks.

Very interesting, you may be saying, but how does that help me if I am not naturally someone who easily handles stress?

The researchers have also begun to show that training people using mindfulness meditation techniques increases everyone’s capacity for responding to high stress situations with “mindful internal awareness” instead of “fearful awareness.”

In other words, you may be able to change your brain’s response to challenging situations to more nearly match the responses of high performance athletes.

References

Haase L, May AC, Falahpour M, Isakovic S, Simmons AN, Hickman SD, Liu TT, Paulus MP. A pilot study investigating changes in neural processing after mindfulness training in elite athletes. Front Behav Neurosci. 2015 Aug 27;9:229. doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2015.00229. eCollection 2015. PubMed PMID: 26379521; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4550788.

Haase L, Stewart JL, Youssef B, May AC, Isakovic S, Simmons AN, Johnson DC, Potterat EG, Paulus MP. When the brain does not adequately feel the body: Links between low resilience and interoception. Biol Psychol. 2016 Jan;113:37-45. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2015.11.004. Epub 2015 Nov 28. PubMed PMID: 26607442.

Johnson DC, Thom NJ, Stanley EA, Haase L, Simmons AN, Shih PA, Thompson WK, Potterat EG, Minor TR, Paulus MP. Modifying resilience mechanisms in at-risk individuals: a controlled study of mindfulness training in Marines preparing for deployment. Am J Psychiatry. 2014 Aug;171(8):844-53. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2014.13040502. PubMed PMID: 24832476; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4458258.

Haase L, Thom NJ, Shukla A, Davenport PW, Simmons AN, Stanley EA, Paulus MP, Johnson DC. Mindfulness-based training attenuates insula response to an aversive interoceptive challenge. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2016 Jan;11(1):182-90. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsu042. Epub 2014 Apr 8. PubMed PMID: 24714209; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4692309.

For more information…

Mindfulness Apps

Bob Talks About Mindfulness and Bipolar

 

Bipolar in Order Study

bipolar in orderSeveral readers of this blog have been intrigued by Tom Wootton’s “Bipolar in Order” site and the training program that he has developed to help people live well with bipolar.

A few years ago I added a chapter to one of Tom’s books, and Tom and I have had a professional relationship for more than a decade.

I don’t agree with everything that he says, and I’m sure he doesn’t agree with everything I say, but I think the notion that developing the capacity for coping with moods is something that one can learn to do better, and that this is an important part of living creatively with depression or bipolar, is at the core of what this website is all about.

For a very limited time, if you’re interested in finding out more you can do so by participating in a study that Tom is conducting with Tufts University to evaluate the effectiveness of his training program.

If you’re interested you will need to hurry as Tom indicates that you will only be able to sign up for the next couple of days. By January 7, he expects that the class will be full.

http://www.bipolaradvantage.com/tufts.php

Outcomes of Childhood Bipolar

bipolar

What happens to children with bipolar disorder?

Boris Birmaher, M.D., a professor of psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh, and colleagues at UCLA and Brown University, followed 367 of children with the disorder for an average of eight years to find out.

45% of the subjects had had a stable mood for most of the follow-up period.

Birmaher reported the findings at a Brain and Behavior Research Foundation symposium in New York, where he was honored for outstanding achievements in childhood-onset bipolar disorder research.

The research by Birmaher and colleagues also showed that youth whose bipolar illness developed later in adolescence; who at intake had less-severe depressive and manic symptoms, less suicidality, and less substance abuse; and who lived in families with a higher socioeconomic status were more likely to do well. These findings suggest that treatments that could delay the onset of the disorder or that target other factors related to illness course might increase the likelihood that youth with bipolar disorder will be able to maintain a long-term stable mood, the researchers concluded.